Celebrating The Founding Of The Niagara Movement
William Monroe Trotter:
I’ll Stand Straight Until My People Will Bow No Longer
Have you a ‘New Freedom’ for white Americans and a new slavery for your Afro-American fellow citizens? God forbid!”
Let us not forget the Niagara Movement beginnings in 1905. The Niagara Movement was one of very the first true collective negro direct action forces against evils of white bigotry and prejudices, that had been inflicted upon peoples of color after being released from chains of slavery. Oh, I could discuss about how the Niagara Movement was the precursor to the National Association For The Advancement of Colored People. Oh, I know I could discuss at length the role of W.E.B. Dubois in the establishment of this ill-fated organization. We can also discuss how their very first meeting was interrupted by the evils of race-based segregation since they couldn’t find a hotel on the American side of the Niagara Falls willing to house any black men or women. They had to cross the border into Canada to locate and pay for living suitable meeting arrangements. I can also talk about how Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of racial accommodation versus direct action towards the American white majority motivated the energy around the establishment of this group. I could also discuss at length the Niagara Movement’s Declarations of Principles which included the following:
"We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American, political, civil and social; and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest and assail the ears of America. The battle we wage is not for ourselves alone but for all true Americans. It is a fight for ideals, lest this, our common fatherland, false to its founding, become in truth the land of the thief and the home of the slave -- a byword and a hissing among the nations for its sounding pretensions and pitiful accomplishment."
I also could discuss how the Bookerites worked diligently to minimize the influence of the Niagara Movement in the black communities. They sought to delegitimize the organization by cutting off its funding sources. This action by those followers of Booker T. Washington, was a resounding blow to securing black unity in purpose or goal to achieving our people’s elevation across our communities in this nation. Oh I could also discuss the hereditary linkage between this man and the writer of this nation’s Declaration of Independence as well as third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson.
He being a direct descendent of Mary Hemings another concubine of Jefferson. Mary Hemings, Sally Hemings sister also borne Thomas Jefferson’s children while in the bonds of her master’s chains. Mary and Sally Hemings were half-sisters to Thomas Jefferson’s wife Martha Skelton Waynes, who in fact was Thomas Jefferson’s own cousin. Oh what a tangled web we weave, when we think we can deceive. Although may be it was that revolutionary strand of Jefferson that directed the actions of this great man. Wasn’t Thomas Jefferson a true patriot and revolutionary? That’s what I was taught in the history books although there was absolutely no mention of the entangled sexual web that Jefferson was spinning at Monticello. If you haven’t guess quite yet who today’s blog focus is on. I will end the mystery, William Monroe Trotter, possibly the most intellectual black agitator that of the early 20th Century.
This ancestor who could have lived a life of total comfort decided early on that it was his responsibility to move our people to levels of complete citizenship. I can hear these words coming from his lips with complete and utter defiance.
“We refuse to allow the impression to remain that the Negro-American assents to inferiority, is submissive under oppression and apologetic before insults.”
Monroe Trotter, was the first black person to earn the coveted Phi Beta Kappa pin for intellectual excellence. He was educated in banking and finance at Harvard University. Although he was not allowed to pursue his banking interests in the white community. You can be assured that he would’ve been a financial wizard in the communities of color. Yet, William Monroe Trotter had a rebellious, combative streak in him that demanded direct and immediate action against injustice. Wasn’t it Trotter who directly confronted Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of accommodation at a speech in Boston that ended in Mr. Trotter being jailed for his actions. William Trotter was not about waiting for his or his people’s freedoms. Wasn’t’ that freedom promised in every document of this country’s constitution and secured by the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments? Why should we bow down to oppression? The oppressor surely doesn’t respect anyone unwilling to fight for their own independence, does he/she?
Wasn’t William Monroe Trotter radicalized long before anyone ever heard of H.Rap Brown, Malcolm X, Elijah Muhammad, or Stokely Carmichael? I mean he was an advocate of the teachings of a radical Jesus Christ, Trotter demanded justice through direct action against his peoples oppressors. Didn’t William Monroe Trotter split away from WEB Dubois because Dubois demanded white participation in financing as well as leadership of the NAACP. Mr. Trotter felt that only blacks could truly solve black issues. He was one of the very few black men who was intellectually on par with Dubois. So his opinions had to be respected by Dubois even if Dubois couldn’t agree with them.
William Monroe Trotter was indeed a race man. Had Mr. Trotter lived during the turbulent 50’s and 60’s his voice would’ve been one of the most vocal and learned in our nation. He agitated for change but dedicated his life to forcing America to keep its promises. How many people, not black people, but people period was strong enough to speak truth to power in the Oval Office? This confrontation lead to Trotter being thrown out of the Oval Office by the President? Well, we can talk about just one man, William Monroe Trotter, who confronted the racist policies of Woodrow Wilson, a candidate that he choose to support for President before realizing he was letting the hungry racist wolf in the black man’s chicken coop. Here is the exchange between Mr. Trotter and President Woodrow Wilson:
Mr. Monroe Trotter. Mr. President:
We are here to renew our protest against the segregation of colored employees in the departments of our National Government. We [had] appealed to you to undo this race segregation in accord with your duty as President and with your pre-election pledges to colored American voters. We stated that such segregation was a public humiliation and degradation, and entirely unmerited and far-reaching in its injurious effects. . . .
President Woodrow Wilson:
The white people of the country, as well as I, wish to see the colored people progress, and admire the progress they have already made, and want to see them continue along independent lines. There is, however, a great prejudice against colored people. . . . It will take one hundred years to eradicate this prejudice, and we must deal with it as practical men. Segregation is not humiliating, but a benefit, and ought to be so regarded by you gentlemen. If your organization goes out and tells the colored people of the country that it is a humiliation, they will so regard it, but if you do not tell them so, and regard it rather as a benefit, they will regard it the same. The only harm that will come will be if you cause them to think it is a humiliation.
Mr. Monroe Trotter:
It is not in accord with the known facts to claim that the segregation was started because of race friction of white and colored [federal] clerks. The indisputable facts of the situation will not permit of the claim that the segregation is due to the friction. It is untenable, in view of the established facts, to maintain that the segregation is simply to avoid race friction, for the simple reason that for fifty years white and colored clerks have been working together in peace and harmony and friendliness, doing so even through two [President Grover Cleveland] Democratic administrations. Soon after your inauguration began, segregation was drastically introduced in the Treasury and Postal departments by your appointees.
President Woodrow Wilson:
If this organization is ever to have another hearing before me it must have another spokesman. Your manner offends me. . . . Your tone, with its background of passion.
Mr. Monroe Trotter:
But I have no passion in me, Mr. President, you are entirely mistaken; you misinterpret my earnestness for passion.”
To say that Monroe Trotter was a man with definite principles is indeed an understatement. He and his wife, Geraldine Pindell Trotter, never had children, but they did indeed have a child, The Guardian, published in the same building as William Lloyd Garrison’s Liberator. This weekly publication spoke truth to power and was the measured voice of Monroe Trotter. The Trotter’s gave up the possible luxuries of life to ensure truth was always on the scaffold bending towards justice. Today I didn’t want to simply talk historically about William Monroe Trotter. I also wanted to include some of my personal thoughts. I would’ve loved to have had the opportunity as I had to listen and be in the audience of some of our most outstanding leaders. Yet the more we learn about the compassion, tenacity, determination, grit, defiance, never yielding attitude of William Monroe Trotter, the more I wished that our ancestors had not fear his combativeness.
It has been said that measure of a man’s worth is how he is remembered the time of his passing. The following quotes were spoken by the leading voices of our community when William Monroe Trotter passed away on his birthday April 7, 1934 at the age of 62.
“Even when I found myself utterly unable to approve his judgment or to sanction his methods, I have always believed that he was fundamentally and genuinely honest. I have more than once said that Monroe Trotter is perhaps the only Negro of education and privilege who has deliberately undergone self-sacrifice for his race” Kelly Miller, of the New York Amsterdam News
“Is it not worth something to a race to have produced one such self-sacrificing soul who has held the keen edge of passionate protest for two-fifths of a century? He has stood steadfast and unmovable. He has been true to his inner light, from which there has been no varying or shadow of turning.
"Monroe Trotter was a man of heroic proportions, and probably one of the most selfless Negro leaders during all our American history" – W.E.B Du Bois
“He had in his soul all that went to make a fanatic, a knight errant. Ready to sacrifice himself, fearing nobody and nothing, strong in body, sturdy in conviction, full of unbending belief" - WEB Du Bois
“Men of courage and conviction such as Trotter, by continually knocking, may eventually break down the wall of prejudice. We need more of them.”- The Afro American
“His efforts will not get the appreciation that they should and this noble man will not be honored, reckoned and sung but he is fighting a noble cause in a noble manner.”- Chicago Whip